The history of the world is the history of humanity, beginning with the Paleolithic Era. Distinct from the history of the Earth (which includes early geologic history and prehuman biological eras), world history comprises the study of archaeological and written records, from ancient times on–br-Canelo-Alvarez-vs-Erislandy-

Outside the Old World, including ancient China[27] and ancient India, historical timelines unfolded differently. By the 18th century, however, due to extensive world trade and colonization, the histories of most civilizations had become substantially intertwined (see Globalization)

The history of the Old World (particularly Europe and the Mediterranean) is commonly divided into Ancient history (or “Antiquity”), up to 476 CE; the Postclassical Era (or “Middle Ages”, from the 5th through 15th centuries, including the Islamic Golden Age (c. 750 CE – c. 1258 CE) and the early European Renaissance (beginning around 1300 CE);[18][19] the Early Modern period,[20] from the 15th century to the late 18th, including the Age of Enlightenment; and the Late Modern period, from the Industrial Revolution to the present, including Contemporary History